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Brain Meeting: a meeting between physics and neuroscience

The human brain is a paradigmatic example of a complex multilevel dynamical system and its understanding is one of the most important challenges for modern scientific research. Its complex geometric architecture and functional dynamics cover many spatiotemporal orders of magnitude, e.g. the typical length scales of the structures in which neurons are organized range from a few micrometers to tens of centimeters giving rise to complex networks and fractal patterns. In addition, its functional activity is hierarchically organized in time scales from milliseconds to minutes and hours determining both bursts of rapid activity and slow wave synchronization and modulation.

 

 

All these complex spatiotemporal features are reflected in incredibly rich behavioral manifestations. For this reason, brain science is the best example of interdisciplinary science where increasingly neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, psychiatrists collaborate with physicists, mathematicians and computer scientists to uncover its complex hidden features.

 

 

Such an approach, based on multidisciplinary collaborations, on one hand will allow a better understanding of the functions of the brain, while on the other hand will help to shed light on the functioning of other complex dynamic systems. The purpose of this meeting at the Enrico Fermi Research Center is precisely to create a first opportunity for collaborative exchange of ideas between neuroscientists and statistical physicists working on theoretical models for the geometry and dynamics of the brain.

Here are the presentations and speeches of the guests of the meeting.

Commemorazione del collega Paolo del Giudice

Federico Giove (CREF, Roma): “BOLD-based functional MRI: the traps behind the signal”

Tommaso Gili (IMT – Lucca): “Topological filtration of functional brain networks in healthy subjects and psychiatric patiens”

Miguel Angel Munoz (Univ. of Granada, Spain): “Spontaneous brain activity at different scales”

Lucilla De Arcangelis (Univ. della Campania): “Spontaneous vs. stimulated brain activity: A statistical physics approach”

Angelo Bifone (Univ. di Torino): “Mending pathological brain networks”

Franca Tecchio (ISTC – CNR Roma) “Simple, the brain complexity!”

Egidio D’Angelo (Univ. di Pavia): “Multiscale Brain Modelling”

Stefano Ferraina (Univ. Sapienza) – Maurizio Mattia (ISS): “Metastability and traveling waves in monkey premotor cortex during motor decision tasks”

Sebastiano Stramaglia (Univ. di Bari): “Higher Order Dynamical Networks in Computational Neuroscience: an Information Theoretic Framework”

Silvia Capuani (ISC – CNR, Roma): “Anomalous diffusion to increase the sensitivity and the resolution of MRI”

Mauro Di Nuzzo (CREF): “Metabolic interactions between neurons and astrocytes: what they tell us about brain function”